Fault Lines in the Compact : Higher Education and the Public Interest in the United States

LW Challenges, Chapters and other contributions, Financial Resources

The research university stands as one of the most admired and emulated of American institutions. Year after year, American universities dominate the international rankings of institutions of higher education. The demand for places in American programs continues to grow, and the quality of matriculating students continues to improve. The prospects for students graduating from American universities continue to strengthen, as …

How to Answer the Utilitarian Assault on Higher Education?

LW Challenges, Chapters and other contributions, Missions & Responsibilities

GROWING PRESSURES TO ADOPT UTILITARIAN MISSION Across the country, state governors and governing boards are demanding that undergraduate education focus on the preparation of students for immediate jobs, thus promoting vocationalism above all other purposes of education, in fact, often to the exclusion of all other purposes. • In some cases, governors suggest making state funding for public universities dependent …

The Strategic Repositioning of Research Universities to fulfil their Global Promise

LW Challenges, Chapters and other contributions, Governance and leadership

The relevance of universities has become a theme of public debate, reflecting the anxiety and excitement surrounding changing forces in the larger context of globalization, as well as widespread concern with regard to basic economic and societal well-being. Despite a whirlwind of change and transformation, universities have been stable, resilient and durable social institutions. Résumé, en principe début du chapitre …

Contemporary challenges for the Swiss – and the continental European – university system

LW Challenges, Chapters and other contributions, Missions & Responsibilities

A SLIGHT DISCOMFORT These are very interesting times for university education at the world level, and Switzerland is indeed no exception to this generalization. The importance of higher education in our societies and our economies is being constantly stressed, universities enjoy a higher level of institutional autonomy worldwide than was the case even a few years ago, and a more …

The Impact of Technology on Discovery and Learning

LW Challenges, Chapters and other contributions, Governance and leadership

Today, our world has entered a period of rapid and profound economic, social and political transformation driven by knowledge and innovation. Educated people, the knowledge they produce and the innovation and entrepreneurial skills they possess have become the keys to economic prosperity, public health, national security and social well-being. It has become apparent that economic strength, prosperity and social welfare …

Challenges in Establishing a Top Research University

LW Challenges, Chapters and other contributions, Governance and leadership

The historical development of research universities and their roles in society has been articulated in many articles and documents. Since their inception, distinguished research universities have generated leaders in virtually every field and created scientific and technological advances that have affected the welfare and well-being of humanity. Top research universities have also contributed to creating national wealth through the generation …

Research Universities and the Future of America : A Study by the National Academies

LW Challenges, Chapters and other contributions

Today, our world has entered a period of rapid and profound economic, social and political transformation driven by knowledge and innovation. Educated people, the knowledge they produce and the innovation and entrepreneurial skills they possess have become the keys to economic prosperity, public health, national security and social well-being. It has become apparent that economic strength, prosperity and social welfare …

The Asian Tiger University Effect

LW Challenges, Chapters and other contributions, Financial Resources, Governance and leadership

A common wisdom is that we are now entering the Asian Century, having travelled the American century in the 1900s and the British century in the 1800s. This reflects the array of impressive economic indicators emerging in the East. As the Australia in the Asian Century white paper (Australian Government, 2012) notes, in the past 20 years alone China and …

The Challenge of Transition in Public Higher Education

LW Challenges, Chapters and other contributions

The American Land-Grant University was established in 1863 when President Abraham Lincoln signed the Morrill Act into law. Setting aside federal land in the individual states for public universities, the idea behind the Act was to make higher education accessible for the first time to the broader American population in a concentrated effort to help the nation grow and develop …

Can the IT Revolution lead to a rebirth of World-call European Universities

LW Challenges, Chapters and other contributions, Research & Innovation

We have reached a critical moment in time when the digital revolution — brought on by ubiquitous personal, mobile and affordable information devices — is challenging the historical missions of education and research; a challenge for our universities that constitutes a disruptive force and an opportunity for world-class European universities….This IT revolution has given rise to a new generation of …

Can the French System support competitive Research Universities

LW Challenges, Chapters and other contributions, Governance and leadership

during this symposium, we have addressed the question of the imbalance between educational need and educational capacity. Of course, this question has been asked in France. What are the answers? Are they adequate? Are they specific to the French situation or can they be used in a wider range of countries or systems? The purpose of this paper is mainly …

Research Universities and Sustainable Development with special Reference to India and IIT Madras

GK Challenges, Chapters and other contributions, Missions & Responsibilities, Teaching & Learning

Rapid advances in technology have had dramatic consequences. The environment that moulded life on earth over many millennia is being altered and even replaced dynamically, endangering the very life whose quality science and technology seek to improve. The overwhelming concern of all societies today  is that of sustainability  

Summary of the Colloquium

GK Challenges, Chapters and other contributions, Preface and Conclusion

The VIII Glion Colloquium was held in June 2011 to consider the roles that could be played by the  world’s research universities in addressing the various challenges of global sustainability in the broadest sense, e.g., climate, environmental, economic, health, poverty and geopolitical. This included  considerations not only of how research universities were adapting to the imperatives  

International STEM Education for Global Sustainability

GK Challenges, Chapters and other contributions, Governance and leadership, Teaching & Learning

On a daily basis, people around the world face challenges that result from us all, together on our small planet, approaching the carrying capacity of our environment. The sustainability of humanity is determined by our ability to keep in balance the three pillars of society — our environment, and our economic and social systems.  

The Contribution of Research Universities in solving the ‘Grand Challenges’

GK Challenges, Chapters and other contributions, Missions & Responsibilities, Research & Innovation

Obviously, the world is changing rapidly, and not only for the better: Grand challenges for society are arising and demand solutions. Some challenges can be foreseen, some may occur without warning. When societal problems can be predicted, responsible governments have to address their solutions. Early research has to contribute to  

How can Research Universities Contribute to Fostering Sustainable Societies in Developing Countries

GK Challenges, Chapters and other contributions, Missions & Responsibilities

Although law is hardly a science, rather an intellectual discipline, it is at the heart of many of the issues discussed in this Colloquium: it shapes the functioning of democracy; it regulates markets; contributes to protecting the environment, to fighting corruption and crime; it avoids or solves conflicts, translates the ethical values of society into concrete rules, and sanctions violations. …

University 2.0 the University as an economic and social Driver

GK Challenges, Chapters and other contributions, Research & Innovation

This paper intends to renew certain paradigms that tend to limit the vision and functions of universities and advance towards the University 2.0, a scheme focused on society and that brings about concrete changes. The University 2.0 works in two great aspects: economic development models and social  development models,  

Global Environmental Sustainability: An ‘All-Hands on Deck’ Research Imperative

GK Challenges, Chapters and other contributions, Research & Innovation

The two-way interaction of societal activity with environmental processes now defines clear and present  challenges to our well-being. Human activity is changing the climate system and the ecosystem services that support human life and livelihoods. The changes are occurring at an unprecedented and often  bewildering pace.