The university in the 21st century

GK Challenges, Chapters and other contributions, Governance and leadership, Missions & Responsibilities

The University is one of the greatest inventions of the second millennium (Rhodes, 1998). Europe can be particularly proud of this, given that the University is first and foremost a European institution which — while keeping its essential characteristics — has since spread worldwide (Rüegg, 1992). Universities have shown themselves to be particularly resilient organizations: created up to 900 years …

A business model for the 21st century european university

GK Challenges, Chapters and other contributions, Governance and leadership

“The world is moving in the American direction. More universities in more countries are charging students tuition fees,” says The Economist (2015). Of course, there is more to the American university model than merely tuition. Many of us have benefitted from the opportunities of great American research universities. Some of us have further implemented their spirit within a European university …

University leadership and governance

GK Chapters and other contributions, Governance and leadership

In a world faced with profound challenges and opportunities, and drivenby rapid disruptive change, universities can play important transformativeroles. This paper argues that to be able to do so successfully a key requirement is for universities to have a high degree of autonomy, tied to adequate and diversified funding, competition for resources and clear lines of accountability to stakeholders

Converging paths- public and private research universities

GK Challenges, Chapters and other contributions, Financial Resources, Governance and leadership

The American research university has been celebrated as “the greatest system of knowledge production and higher learning that the world has ever known” (Cole, 2009). As measured by any number of factors — international rankings, Nobel Laureates, publications in peer review journals, or impact on industrial innovation —

Glion Colloquium – A Retrospective

GK Chapters and other contributions, Governance and leadership, Missions & Responsibilities

Two Declarations, nine books, 180 chapters, 2,400 pages published overa 15-year span from 1999 to 2014 — by any standards the outputs ofthe regular meetings of the Glion Colloquium, held in Glion itself with the exception of one held in California, have provided a major stimulus to new thinking about the future of higher education during a crucial period in …

The social and political responsibilities of research universities

GK Challenges, Chapters and other contributions, Governance and leadership, Missions & Responsibilities

This paper attempts to come up with possible answers to the question:“What do universities consider to be their most important prioritiesand responsibilities in 1) addressing the challenges facing their institutions; and 2) expectations arising from their societies at the local, regional or global level?” Specifically, I wish to address some possible inconsistencies between a university’s strategy and external societal and …

The search for Quality at Chinese Universities

LW Chapters and other contributions, Governance and leadership

along with China’s booming economy, the past three decades have seen tremendous progress in higher education in China. In 1982, only 1% of 18- to 22-year-olds had the opportunity to participate in higher education. The proportion in 2012 is now more than 26%, and China is likely to reach a 40% enrolment rate in higher education by 2020). In the …

A Research University for both Academic Excellence and Responsibility for a sustainable future – does the Swedish model work?

LW Chapters and other contributions, Governance and leadership, Missions & Responsibilities

Sweden has for a long time been spared from armed conflicts and major disruptive social problems. During the past decades, we have gone from a homogeneous state to an increasingly diverse and diverged country. In an international comparison, Sweden looks in many ways like a very attractive country to live and work in, as recently highlighted in The Economist magazine …

The Strategic Repositioning of Research Universities to fulfil their Global Promise

LW Challenges, Chapters and other contributions, Governance and leadership

The relevance of universities has become a theme of public debate, reflecting the anxiety and excitement surrounding changing forces in the larger context of globalization, as well as widespread concern with regard to basic economic and societal well-being. Despite a whirlwind of change and transformation, universities have been stable, resilient and durable social institutions. Résumé, en principe début du chapitre …

The Impact of Technology on Discovery and Learning

LW Challenges, Chapters and other contributions, Governance and leadership

Today, our world has entered a period of rapid and profound economic, social and political transformation driven by knowledge and innovation. Educated people, the knowledge they produce and the innovation and entrepreneurial skills they possess have become the keys to economic prosperity, public health, national security and social well-being. It has become apparent that economic strength, prosperity and social welfare …

Challenges in Establishing a Top Research University

LW Challenges, Chapters and other contributions, Governance and leadership

The historical development of research universities and their roles in society has been articulated in many articles and documents. Since their inception, distinguished research universities have generated leaders in virtually every field and created scientific and technological advances that have affected the welfare and well-being of humanity. Top research universities have also contributed to creating national wealth through the generation …

The Asian Tiger University Effect

LW Challenges, Chapters and other contributions, Financial Resources, Governance and leadership

A common wisdom is that we are now entering the Asian Century, having travelled the American century in the 1900s and the British century in the 1800s. This reflects the array of impressive economic indicators emerging in the East. As the Australia in the Asian Century white paper (Australian Government, 2012) notes, in the past 20 years alone China and …

Can the French System support competitive Research Universities

LW Challenges, Chapters and other contributions, Governance and leadership

during this symposium, we have addressed the question of the imbalance between educational need and educational capacity. Of course, this question has been asked in France. What are the answers? Are they adequate? Are they specific to the French situation or can they be used in a wider range of countries or systems? The purpose of this paper is mainly …

Higher Education Model for Large Developing Economies

LW Chapters and other contributions, Governance and leadership, Missions & Responsibilities

Education is the key to socio-economic development and character building. Higher education plays an important role in knowledge and wealth creation. Historically, one can find a good correlation between the spread and quality of higher education and the economic development of a nation. Scientific, social and economic developments in developed nations can be primarily attributed to the robust higher education …

International STEM Education for Global Sustainability

GK Challenges, Chapters and other contributions, Governance and leadership, Teaching & Learning

On a daily basis, people around the world face challenges that result from us all, together on our small planet, approaching the carrying capacity of our environment. The sustainability of humanity is determined by our ability to keep in balance the three pillars of society — our environment, and our economic and social systems.  

Action is what counts. Sustainability at ETH Zurich and EPFL

GK Chapters and other contributions, Governance and leadership, Missions & Responsibilities

Tackling the challenges of sustainable development requires critical thinking, innovative technologies and an open dialogue between science, industry, and society. As Swiss-based universities that are consistently high in the leading international university rankings, the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich) and the Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) are committed to playing a key role in addressing these …

Sustaining World Class Universities: Who Pays and How

GK Chapters and other contributions, Financial Resources, Governance and leadership

Higher education is now unarguably a global activity. In a digitally connected world, where capital and labour flow increasingly freely without hindrance from national boundaries, universities are no less subject to the forces of globalization than any other part of service sector economy. Universities from all over the world  

Regional Engagement and Sustainability: University of Aveiro in Portugal

GK Chapters and other contributions, Governance and leadership, Missions & Responsibilities, Research & Innovation

In the framework of the demographic evolution foreseen up to 2050, major issues related to  sustainability include: food, natural resources (water in particular) and energy. These “grand societal challenges” affect all aspects of our lives and are not contained within geographical borders or specific scientific disciplines.